Mangoes, supplied to domestic and foreign markets from May to November, play an important role in Taiwan's fruit & plant economy. Mangoes cultivated in Taiwan are of good quality with various species and tastes.
Mangoes originally grew in the low altitudes of Asia and became a popular fruit crops shortly after their introduction to Taiwan. Following Taiwan's recovery from Japanese occupation, agricultural administrations and farmers continued to improve production techniques to the point where mangoes eventually became one of Taiwan's major agricultural exports.
Ideal 'pre-blossom' conditions are dry, however, mangoes thereafter thrive in a high-temperature, humid climate. Areas most popular for planting mangoes are located in the middle and southern areas of Taiwan with Pingtung County, Kaohsiung County and Tainan County considered most expansive.
Irwin and Gin Hwan are Taiwan's self-cultivated species. Irwin bears fruit very early in Taiwan with an average weight of 300 to 500 grams, has a fine-grained texture, very little fiber and a 12~15 ° Brix. Gin Hwan retains a 13~17 °Brix, a thin seed, abundant pulp, little fiber and weighs up to 2 kilograms. Being a preferred import item of neighboring countries, both species can be transported and stored easily. Furthermore, with their strong disease resistance, farmers use very little pesticide.
The mango industry in Taiwan has been developing for decades, improving its production period and fine-tuning cultivation techniques. Taiwan mangoes, possessing longer preservation time and excellent quality, are exported mainly to Hong Kong, Singapore, Mainland China and Japan.